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Sir Harry Smith

Sir Harry Smith Community College

  • Science Careers

    BIOLOGY

    Biology related careers.

    • Microbiology

    • Neurobiology

    • Medicine

    • Schools and Colleges

    • Biochemistry

    • Pharmacology

    • Immunology

    • Toxicology

    • Physiology

    • Experimental and research

    • Agriculture

    Most jobs in all sciences require work experience, so you will have to start at the bottom to gain work experience and knowledge in your chosen field of research.

    Microbiology careers

    Because microbes have such a large effect on our lives, and there are so many different microbes in different environments, there are lots of different fields within the microbiology career track. We can observe and research microbes that thrive in different conditions, from boiling hot springs to the freezing depths of the ocean to the human body itself, and use the information to improve our standard of living, such as treating or preventing disease, developing ‘green’ technologies or tracking the role of microbes in climate change.

    Neurobiology careers

    A career in neurobiology offers the opportunity to understand how the nervous system generates behaviour and personal traits. By using this information, neurobiologist can begin to find remedies for neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.

    Biochemistry

    By researching biochemistry, or the chemistry of living organisms and their vital processes, new or improved drugs can be created for illness and disease, we can optimise crop growth and also aid in solving crimes with genetic information. Stem cell therapy research can also branch from a Biochemistry degree.

    Veterinary medicine

    Veterinary surgeon courses can last up to 6 years and with further training after the course has finished there can be up to 8 years training, and you will always be learning throughout your career.
    Possible careers in veterinary medicine are:

    • Veterinary surgeons

    • Veterinary nurses

    • Receptionist

    Medicine

    Private Hospitals and NHS trusts

    Degrees and training for physicians require 4 years of medical school as well as 3 to 8 years of residency in a hospital, depending of the speciality selected.
    Possible careers in medicine are:

     

    • Ambulance service team

    • Doctors

    • Consultants

    • Healthcare science

    • Surgeons

    • Management

    • Midwifery

    • Nursing

     

    CHEMISTRY

    What exactly is Chemistry?

    Chemistry is the field of science that deals with the composition of substances and the reactions they undergo. It specifically deals with atoms, molecules, compounds, energy and entropy and chemical structure and bonding among other things.

    What kind of training does a Chemist need?

    Chemists typically need a bachelor degree in chemistry or another related area. Many research positions require a masters or doctoral degree. Aspiring chemists should also have supporting courses in mathematics, computer science and science. Computer courses are necessary because many employers prefer applicants who can apply computer skills to simulation tasks and modelling. Many chemists pursuing graduate degrees specialise in a specific area such as polymer chemistry or analytical chemistry. Chemists pursuing undergraduate degrees typically do not choose a speciality and actually have more job flexibility with a broad chemistry education. Many colleges and universities offer chemistry degree programs. Most employers provide new employees with additional education and training.

    What can you do with Chemistry?

    There a large number of careers involving chemistry, which include:-

    • Agricultural chemistry: the study of chemistry involved with agricultural production

    • Analytical chemistry: study of composition of natural and artificial materials

    • Biochemistry: study of chemical reactions and substances in  living organisms

    • Chemical engineering: the branch of engineering that is involved with industrial chemical processes

    • Environmental chemistry: the study of chemical reactions in their natural place

    • Forensic chemistry: the branch of forensic science that deals with chemical substances

    • Geochemistry: study of chemical reactions and substances in the Earth

    • Inorganic chemistry: study of inorganic compounds (non-carbon-based compounds)

    • Medicinal chemistry: study of the design, synthesis and development of pharmaceutical drugs

    • Organic chemistry: study of organic compounds (carbon-based compounds)

    • Physical chemistry: the study of the physical properties of elements, compounds and mixtures

    Of course, there many more career choices that involve chemistry.

    What is the salary of a Chemist?

    The average salary of a chemist is roughly £25’000. However, the actual salary varies between chemistry careers and also the company.


    What do you get out of it?

    Taking chemistry as an A-level or completing a degree in chemistry opens up many opportunities for career choices. A career in chemistry can result in job satisfaction and can lead to potential scientific discoveries. The highest honour for chemists is the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which is a substantial achievement.

     

    PHYSICS

    Physics is the study of matter and energy.

    Physicists work in a wide range of fields, including electronics, energy, space, medicine and materials. Their work can involve designing and conducting experiments, simulating real-life problems and conditions in laboratories, or making a series of observations which are written up in reports. Academic physicists usually write up their work in scientific papers and sometimes do administrative or teaching work.

    Most physicists work from 9.00am to 5.00pm, Monday to Friday. In jobs that provide a 24-hour service, such as in the National Health Service (NHS), physicists may be on call or work shifts, including nights.

    Physicists may work in a laboratory, workshop, office or factory, or out in the field collecting and analysing data. They usually spend a great deal of time working at computers. In some jobs, they may work with hazardous substances.

    Salary

    • Salaries range from about £20,000 a year to £88,000 a year.

    Physicists should:

    • have strong scientific and mathematic ability.

    • have the intellect to grasp major theories and truths such as space and atoms.

    • have a methodical, analytical approach to work.

    • work well as part of a team.

    • be able to present their work professionally.

    • understand statistics and relevant computer software.

    There are a wide range of opportunities for physicists and they work in many different sectors throughout the UK. Job areas include research and development, scientific analysis and investigation and working for hospitals and government laboratories. Many work in industry, being employed by manufacturing and production companies, and in the field of meteorology, education and the media.

    Qualifications

    Most physicists are graduates or even have PhDs, but it may be possible for school leavers to work as laboratory technicians. In practice, most technicians have physics A-level or equivalent qualifications. Some have degrees. As physicists progress in their careers they may take on supervisory and management roles.

    Top Jobs and Rewards

    • Nobel prize in physics.

    • Working at CERN or at the LHC (Large Hadron Collider).

    • Teaching/lecturing at a worldwide renowned university.

    • Making an important discovery.

    • Revolutionising computing.

    • Working at Cavendish Laboratory.

    • Working at Keck Observatory.

    • A job at NASA.

    • Be part of the Royal Society.

    • Being a recipient of a Royal Society medal.